What assumptions are possible explanations of doping water in engines? by Christophe Martz. January 2008.
This article will attempt to answer the most scientifically and seriously as possible to this question. This article is the following article: summary of the facts and outcomes Gillier-Pantone process
Operating Assumptions for Gillier-Pantone system and the role of water in the combustion chamber.
There 4 possibilities:
A) Water is physically and chemically transformed into the reactor.
The obtained product is directly involved in combustion.
Water is thus chemically decomposed (at least partially) during its passage through the reactor with or without recombination with the compounds of the air: N2 or O2.
Reactant entering the reactor: H2O + air = H2O + + N2 O2.
combustible material which may exit the reactor: atomic hydrogen H +, H4N2 (hydrazine), hydroxyl and hydronium ions HO- and H3O +, hydrogen peroxide or nitrogen H2O2, H2N2 ... etc. etc.
Conditions of these changes? Two main theories:
a) Theory of ionization of the water vapor. The electric charge of water (ionization) during its evaporation and passage through the reactor will greatly improve the fuel combustion. We recall that a combustion is an ionized gas. Learn more: Read the ionization theory steam or measures of electrification of the air of a reactor.
b) gas Cavitation Aerodynamic shocks.
B) The water is not transformed in the reactor.
The reaction then proceeds to the motor: in the cylinder and the combustion chamber.
Several possibilities, the reality is probably a combination of all these effects:
a) mechanical aspects:
- Improving the expansion of the hot gas: the pressure is uniform on the piston and longer, the engine is improved flexibility and reduced engine knocking, PV diagram shows a larger area. Improved performance.
- Improving the sealing of pistons, the oil soiled less rapidly and possible oil consumption is reduced or canceled (by finding quasiement all experimenters)!
- Better dispersion and volatilization of fuel resulting in better combustion.
d) thermodynamic aspects:
- Circulation per thermodynamic pumping calories lost in the exhaust and fed back into the engine cycle.
This, however, goes against the performance of Carnot (the higher the temperature differences between T ° intake air and T ° combustion are high, the better the yield). However, injecting already preheated air (not to mention the loss of fill rate) in a diesel engine can result in a much higher T ° final combustion of flame: the difference "hot-cold" would be more important in absolute terms.
The exhaust temperature would logically also increased, or that fact was noted by many of the experimenter water doping.
- Possible presence of liquid water (fog), incompressible compound in the combustion chamber increase the compression ratio. Performance improvement.
c) Chemical aspects:
- Water Processing by cracking during combustion by thermolysis. This is possible and beneficial if this reaction uses heat calories normally lost in the engine cycle.
- Water would be a catalyst or a reagent to another reaction?
For example: reaction with carbon derived fuel (C + H20 -> H2 + CO). Is thus obtained hydrogen which will largely contribute to the combustion. CO is a combustible meanwhile will be reprocessed into CO2.
Another advantage is used and therefore the presence of solid carbon is reduced which appears in the engine. In other words, it greatly reduces soot and particles.
But one fact was noted by all the experimenters: the engine smoke less. This reaction is very credible hypothesis.
Results: less black smoke, combustion chambers and oil cleaner longer. possible improvement of the life of the oil and engine.
C) The water doping would be a motor clamping.
This hypothesis, defended by skeptics and reinforced by the little or no results on test bench, is obviously untenable.
But in fact, it might prove beneficial since the consumption level and realize a sort of downsizing virtual and retroactive, ie with the great advantage of not having to change engines.
However some experimental findings are, broadly, in the opposite direction (better flexibility still experienced by users) ...
Read more and debate: Gillier the Pantone system is there a simple bridle engine?
D) The last case is simply a compromise between the cases A), B) and C).
Give your opinion on forums: Summary of the engine water injection Gillier-pantone