Water engine: facts and results on the water injection engine: explanations on the effects of water injection systems in heat engines by Christophe Martz, ENSAIS engineer 2001 January 2008
This article is a summary page about water doping via a Gillier-Pantone system.
It was written by Christophe Martz in May 2007 on the occasion of the Press conference of Vitry sur Orne, Proofreading January 2008.
This explains why some ideas on this page were included in certain sections of press review of Vitry.
The Gillier Pantone water doping: state of the art
Several hundred modified industrial engines in France, mostly agricultural tractor engines. Variable results up to 60% reduction in consumption!
Dozens of examples are available on the following pages: Gillier Pantone water doping achievements
Including this page with 8 precisely encrypted results.
Dozens of articles have been written on the water injection process. We have grouped together on the forum the ones we were able to recover: Gillier magazine-pantone press.
Of these, here are three particularly interesting ones.
AutoPlus November 2005: Comparative article on commercial fuel savers.
Testing a mounting water doping on a BMW 520i.
20% consumption reduction but increased particulate pollution.
Action AutoMoto January-February 2006: full article on the "Pantone engine"
Testing a mounting water doping on a Renault 21
Strong reduction of smoked but little or no consumption reduction
Entraid number 24 December 2006 (Cuma magazine) http://www.entraid.com/
Focus comparative bench 2 155 tractors New Holland TM and test drives supported. Newer engines that meet the emissions standard Tier 2.
25% consumption gain on the test drive and improved torque / power (up + 6%) on the bench test.
Read also the press review following the mounting of a doping by the town hall of Vitry sur Orne (Followed by a montage by the Moselle General Council)
Water injection in thermal engines: past and present applications
Small history of water injection in diesel engines
The technique is far from recent, see the work of the French engineer Clerget from 1901 already possible to improve the performance of diesel engines.
Thus, from 1901, Clerget discovered the virtues of water injection in the diesel on high compression engines (rate at 19 1). Vernet on his drum, the power to pass 14 30 ch when injected water with diesel and thermique2 yield surged forward as spectacular.
It was not until February 1901 the Vernet engine patent was filed (No. 308.376) with the following claims: The principle of decomposition of oxygen in water and hydrogen combustion with heavy oil in the presence of the elements splitting compounds fuels; increased action by additional oxidants or from substances capable of supplying oxygen by decomposition; addition of auxiliary fluids both oxidizers and fuels. "
Sources, analysis and download here: history of water injection in engines.
Use of aviation water injection, Formula 1 and Rally
1942 when used in military aviation, then the formula for 1 80 years and even now in some competition in Rally, it aims to:
- Cool the turbocharged intake gases and thus increase the filling rate and the specific power (power compared to the displacement set by the regulations).
- Limit auto-detonation (source of knocking and engine deterioration) by “artificially” increasing the octane number
- Cool the internal parts and thus allow the motor to be overloaded for a certain period of time.
- Hypotheses on the role of water in an engine
- Injection of water on the Mercedes Benz engines powering Messerschmitt
- Use of water injection by Renault Sport
Water-fuel emulsion: ELF's Aquazole fuel
Water-diesel (more or less) stabilized (active voltage) emulsion allowing the reduction of Nox, CO and unburnt substances (HC and fumes, etc.) during use.
There is, by measurements on standard cycles (...) for an EEG compared with diesel fuel used in the formulation of the EEG:
- a reduction in NOx emissions of 15 to 30%
- a reduction in smoke and soot by 30 to 80%
- a reduction in particle emissions of 10 to 80%
Compared to the “diesel” base, there is a slight tendency to reduce energy consumption by approximately 2%, which can be explained by a more complete combustion of the hydrocarbons in the presence of water and thus leading to a slight improvement in efficiency.
- Elf's aquazole
- Composition and evolution of particulate species emitted from the exhaust of a diesel engine as a function of engine parameters and the nature of the fuel (Including the water injection).
Conclusion on water injection in engines
Under certain conditions, inflows of water in an engine are widely proven. It remains to understand what the physico-chemical mechanisms that may come into play in the case of a water doping via Pantone reactor since, if water can promote combustion, it is and will never be a fuel in its H2O form, since it is the ash from the combustion of hydrogen!
It remains to be seen what happens to obtain such good results!