What is the solar energy potential in your region?
Two maps of France showing average sunshine reflecting the energy potential of solar energy.
Key words: solar energies, photovoltaic, thermal, water heater, potential, France, region, kwh / year, m2, m². You will find a more detailed map here: DNI solar map of France and some panels and solar photovoltaic products here
Average sunshine duration in hours per year in France: from <1750h to> 2750h!
Example: if you live in the Bas-Rhin (North of Alsace) you will have less than 1750 hours of sunshine per year.
Average energy potential in thermal kWh per year and per square meter: from 1220 kWh / m².year to more than 1760!
Example: if you live in Bas-Rhin (North Alsace) you will have less than 1220 kWh of recoverable energy per year per m².
Example with a concrete case: a thermal solar panel mounted in Alsace, in the Bas-Rhin
As read on the cards, we have a year:
- less than 1750 hours of sunshine, let's take 1500 hours arbitrarily.
- less than 1220 kwh / m2 of energy, let's take 1100kwh arbitrarily.
b) Power demand by m2.
We therefore have an average solar power (when the sun is shining) of 1100/1500 = 733W. Which is very correct (the world average is given for 1000W per m2).
For information, the average power over the year calculated over half a day (over the 12 hours of “day”) would be 2 * 1100/8766 = 251W.
At these values to obtain the recoverable thermal energy, it is necessary to multiply by the efficiency of the solar panel (assuming that there are no other losses which is generally false) i.e. 70% for thermal and 10% for photovoltaics.
c) Recoverable energy per year.
Each would bring m2 * 1100 0.7 770 = kWh.
We remind you that a liter of petroleum fuel has a calorific value of around 10 kWh. Assuming a boiler efficiency of 0.8, one m2 of panel will give the equivalent of 770 / (10 * 0.8) = 96,25L of fuel oil, or roughly, given the various estimates: 100L per m2 of panel.
Depending on your current fuel consumption, so you can estimate the number of m2 required to fully compensate your oil consumption.
d) Financial "analysis"
Thus, an Alsatian house that consumed 2500 L of fuel oil will be needed, ideally, 2500 / 100 = 25m2 of panels (that's a lot, the m2 installed costs on average, with tank and installation, around € 1000 currently, price excluding aid and subsidies) and will save per year the equivalent of 2500 * 0.65 = 1625 € of fuel oil (this is not much compared to the price of the 25m2 installation which must be located, in 2010 and excluding subsidies, between 15 and 20 €) ...
We noted ideally because the reality is precisely not so ideal. Indeed; in winter, solar thermal energy (due to the fairly low heating temperatures reached) can only be used to heat domestic hot water or to supplement the conventional heating circuit (before the boiler). To switch to 100% solar, you need a low-temperature heated floor (or walls).
This is why very few people use solar for heating: the vast majority of installations aim to heat only domestic hot water (which constitutes on average and about 10 to 15% of the annual energy consumption). ).
Conclusion: difficult profitability, attitudes to change ...
This brief calculation shows that the profitability of solar thermal is difficult to achieve for people (the vast majority of us) who do not understand that the financial calculation. Subsidies and various aids, as explained in a page of this site, do not change much… (on the contrary!)
This will be the case as long as the non-renewable nature of fossil fuels and their induced pollution are not taken into account in their costs or that ecological aspects take precedence over financial aspects during a purchase ...
The moral aspect (exactions of certain multinationals) should, ideally, also play in favor of the choice of non-fossil fuels ...
Isn't that the basis of an ecological society and no longer just oil and financial…
7 comments on “Solar map of France of sunshine and solar energy deposit”
Bravo for this honest demonstration of solar. You have reasons aids are not a viable solution. (Financially and culturally, it distorts the perception of energies and their cost).
also thank you for the info. Greeting.
In 2022, there is no longer a need for aid to make solar profitable, read: https://www.econologie.com/installer-des-panneaux-photovoltaiques-2022-solution-interessante-independance-energetique/
Well done for this study. Concrete and pragmatic, this is the basis of any successful business ...
However, I think it would be interesting to take into account two additional factors to change the way we look at solar energy.
1st point the altitude. 1 hour of sunshine in Nice provides less solar energy than an hour of sunshine in Gap. The 800 meters less atmosphere makes a big difference. This largely compensates for the difference in latitude. By integrating this parameter, the Pyrenees would become much more suitable for the installation of panels.
It may seem futile, but the connection to the network in a mountain village is much more expensive than in the plain. auto production then becomes more interesting.
2nd point: the temperature. with the development of solar systems with Stirling engines, it is the temperature differential that is sought. Once again the altitude becomes an advantage.
We have a solar energy deposit in France which is much larger than what we are willing to admit!
A housing estate in Canada (Drake Landing) is heated in the winter with the heat accumulated in the summer (and stored in tubes driven into the ground): yet the sunshine there (and the winter temperatures) are certainly less favorable. just in France.
So why limit yourself to thinking of hot water used immediately (or very quickly, within 1 or 2 days)? Lack of imagination, cost problem,…?
Hello, I do not understand your calculations concerning the power of sunshine in the lower rhine: 1100/1500 = 733?
Hello, this is simply the estimation calculation of the average solar power when the Sun shines per m2: we divide the energy in kWh by the hours of sunshine. We therefore obtain Watts.
Happy New Year 2022 (and good luck)