Curious? Precursor? Looking for a greener mode of transportation? What we do know is that the electric bike leaves no one indifferent. But you are probably wondering about the possibilities of this bike last generation and the respondent she may have. So let's take stock of this electric motorcycle that has become trendy!
How does an electric motorcycle work?
The electric motorcycle gets its energy from an electric motor set in motion by a magnet animated by the magnetic field. The stator is fixed while the rotor turns and triggers a powerful force. The energy is then transmitted to a belt which allows the machine to move. The electric motor works much more simply than a heat engine. There are two types of electric motors:
- Motors with brushes,
- Brushless motors.
The brushless motor is more often found, as it reduces friction and ensures better performance. For greater homogeneity in the release of energy, the motor is associated with a controller which also exists in the heat engine (but which is of a completely different technology). It allows to better manage energy and engine braking. If you want more information on the characteristics of the differences between electric motorcycles, do not hesitate to visit the website of The Bécanerie. You will find lots of information and can find your future electric motorcycle!
Does the battery last a long time?
The life of a battery of electric motorcycle mainly depends on how you use it, charge it, and store it. Most electric motorcycles use lithium-ion or lithium-polymer batteries. They have a BMS (Battery Manager System) that helps optimize charging and discharging periods.
Thus, the battery will be used better and will benefit from greater durability. On average, a battery runs between 300 000 and 700 000 km depending on the model selected. Suffice to say that it is already a good performance. A new electric motorcycle will certainly never have a battery problem. The concerns will rather be to be feared on the models of second-hand electric motorcycles of older technology.
And the autonomy of a battery?
The battery life will then be strongly related to your driving style and the routes on which you use the electric motorcycle. If you drive mainly in the city, the battery will discharge much slower. This is the opposite of a thermal vehicle that will consume more in town because of a very poor performance of thermal engines in urban conditions but also because of the many accelerations and shifts. Climatic conditions also have an impact on the performance of the battery. Similarly, if you live in the mountains and you have to climb steep roads, your battery may have less autonomy.
Let's talk about energy recovery
Energy recovery is the act of capturing the energy that is produced when the motorcycle brakes. This is called kinetic energy, which is transformed into heat. It is possible to recover this energy in the form of electricity. It is a good solution for transmitting energy to the batteries in order to benefit from greater autonomy. Every time you brake, you generate energy and recharge the battery a little! This is also why electric vehicles are more advantageous in town… not to mention the absence of air pollution!
Does the electric motorcycle require an important maintenance?
No ! And this is where the electric motorcycle will interest the less DIY enthusiasts. In reality, its operation is so simple that maintenance is almost zero. It is simply a question of replacing certain parts which wear out like the brake pads, the belt or the tires.
But apart from that, there is almost no maintenance. The only exception is for electric motorcycles with a cooling system. It will then simply replace the oil once a year. And that's all ! No need to put your motorcycle in the garage for an overhaul. It's a very important economy in the long run.
Pay less with his electric motorcycle?
Another advantage! The insurance of electric motorcycles is inexpensive compared to thermal models. It seems that this type of two-wheeler is less accidentogenic and therefore insurers are less demanding with the amount of the contribution. There is even discounts and specific offers to encourage the purchase of an electric motorcycle.
Moreover, the gray card of the electric motorcycle is also less expensive than that of a thermal motorcycle. The fiscal power is more advantageous for the electric motorcycle. This is still an opportunity to save on the purchase of your two-wheeler. On the license side, it's the same principle as for thermal motorcycles. Electric models under 11 kW can be driven with an A1 motorcycle license if the driver is 16 years old.
From the 20 years of the driver, it is possible to drive these electric motorcycles with a license B, but having followed a specific training of 7 hours. Beyond 11 kW, it will be necessary to hold the license A. Also inquire about the ecological bonuses which are attributed for the purchase of a two-wheeled electric one.
How to charge his electric motorcycle?
To charge the battery of your motorcycle, you just need to have a power plug 220 V. The only drawback of this type of charging is that it is quite long. It is not possible to recharge the battery in a few minutes. It is however possible to buy a particular charger for a fast charge.
This is also what public charging stations offer. The charge is then much shorter. If you choose an electric motorcycle with a removable battery, you will be able to charge it from your home. No more worry about knowing how to connect the bike to the electrical outlet.
It is just an organization to set up: in the evening, we remove the battery and we charge it during the night. It takes about 6 to 8 hours if you charge your battery on a normal household outlet. With a fast charger, the charging time is reduced to a period between 1 and 4 hours depending on its level of use.
In the morning, you put the battery back to work and you're done! Electric energy is also much less expensive than fuel produced with oil. Price fluctuations are also much less uncertain. Over a year, you will therefore make many savings.