Contribution to the combustion of water emulsions in heavy fuel oil.
Thesis from the Mines de Paris presented in March 2008 by D. Tarlet to obtain the degree of Doctor from the Ecole des Mines de Paris Specialty "Energetics".
.pdf 230 pages.
Heavy fuel oils, waste oils or animal fats constitute dense and viscous fuels that can be upgraded. Burning these fuels in emulsion with water reduces the flame length and especially the formation of solid carbonaceous residues (particles) compared to pure fuel.
Because the phenomenon of micro explosion, which involves the rapid vaporization (
Then this individual droplet model is incorporated into a spray combustion model, taking into account the phenomenon of micro explosion: the results make it possible to compare the flame obtained (~ 150 kW) with and without emulsification of the fuel. This comparison of temperature fields and flame lengths qualitatively confirms the trends observed in experimental studies in the literature. Finally, an experimental campaign on an industrial boiler of modest power (~ 200 kW) makes it possible to measure a reproducible drop (between 30 and 35%) in particulate emissions using an emulsion of water in heavy fuel oil, compared to pure heavy fuel oil. The measurement of the particle size distribution of the particles emitted makes it possible to provide a micro explosion indicator.
Keywords: combustion spray, emulsion, micro explosion, heavy fuel oil, particles, cenospheres