French inventory of uranium mining sites Version 2 September 2007.
Produced as part of the Memory and Impact of Uranium Mines: Summary and Archives
The development of the uranium industry dates from after the Second World War, including the creation the 18 1945 October, the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA). The industry saw its heyday in the 80 years to gradually die out at the end of the last century.
Thus, the exploration, mining and processing of uranium ores and the storage of tailings in France concerned about 210 25 sites across departments.
Given the number of sites, their geographic spread and diversity of situations, it is difficult in practice to provide a comprehensive overview of the uranium mining activities in France with the aim to assess the environmental impact.
Wishing to have a complete source of information on the administrative status and potential radiological monitoring devices around sites affected by mining uranium, the Directorate for the Prevention of Pollution and Risks (DPPR) of the Ministry Ecology, Development and Sustainable Development (MESD) has asked IRSN to set up a program on the subject.
Dubbed MIMAUSA - Memory and Impact of Uranium Mines: Summary and Archives - the program was launched in 2003 and is conducted in close collaboration with AREVA NC. Its steering committee combines: SIPD (Pollution Prevention Branch and Risks) and DARQSI (Direction Regional Action, Quality and Industrial Safety) of MEDAD, ASN, IRSN and AREVA NC, the DRIRE Auvergne and Limousin and BRGM (see composition of the steering committee at the end of the report).
The program allows MIMAUSA:
- To achieve a compilation and synthesis of available data to enable the IRSN, national and local authorities, but also to the public to have a quality source of information on the history of mining sites of french uranium and potential radiological monitoring arrangements in place at present;
- To ensure the continuity of knowledge of these sites despite the cessation of the activities concerned;
- To establish a working tool for state services responsible for the definition of redevelopment and monitoring programs;
- And to improve the representativeness of the national radiation monitoring network in the environment, particularly with regard to the measurement stations operated by IRSN.