Trapping and storing carbon dioxide: Summary for policymakers and technical summary IPCC
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was jointly established by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 1988.
Its mission includes:
i) to assess the scientific and socioeconomic information available concerning climate change and its consequences, as well as proposed solutions to mitigate and adapt;
ii) to make, on request, scientific, technical and socio-economic for the Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Since 1990, the IPCC has prepared a series of evaluation reports, special reports, technical papers, methodologies and other documents, which have become reference works for policymakers, scientists and other experts .
At its seventh session, the COP adopted a draft decision inviting the IPCC to prepare a technical paper on the geological storage of carbon dioxide. In response to the draft decision, the IPCC at its twentieth session (Paris, 2003) agreed to prepare a special report on the capture and storage of carbon dioxide.
This special report by the Working Group III of the IPCC focuses on the capture and storage of carbon dioxide (CCS) proposed as a means to mitigate climate change. It includes new chapters on sources CO2, the particular techniques of trapping, transportation and storage of the gas in geological formations, oceans or minerals or its use in industrial processes. It also analyzes the cost and potential of CCS, the environmental impact, risk and security issues, the impact on inventories and accounting of greenhouse gas emissions, public opinion on the matter and various legal issues.
Michel Jarraud Secretary-General,
World Meteorological Organization