Sweden wants to be the first country in the world to completely eliminate oil as fuel, focusing on renewable energy sources.
"Our dependence on oil should end by 2020," said Minister of Sustainable Development Mona Sahlin. The project to make Sweden an oil-free state is led by a consortium of industrialists, academics, farmers, automakers, government officials and others. They will report to the Swedish parliament in a few months.
The Swedish parliament has declared that the plan to replace fossil fuels with renewable forms of energy is essential for environmental and economic reasons. "Liberating our country from fossil fuels would give us huge benefits, starting with reducing the impact of oil price fluctuations, which have tripled since 1996," said Sahlin.
The minister said that Sweden would introduce the following measures: tax relief for conversion to fuels other than petroleum; increased use of renewable energy; introduction of additional measures for renewable fuels; increased investment aimed at the development of a "renewable society"; and continued investment in district heating (generally geothermal or biomass).