What is a ground plan and what is it for? A responsible eco-construction building is particularly effective in terms of energy management. Its construction is known to generate as little pollution as possible, without compromising the comfort of residents or their health. A responsible eco-construction house also fits into the natural environment without disturbing it. This is what is put forward by the ground plan: the integration of the building into its immediate environment.
What is a ground plan?
The ground plan describes the condition of the land and shows the location of your project on your plot. It comes in the form of two documents. Both are aerial graphic representations: of the land on the one hand, and of the construction project on the other. The two plans show the impact of the construction on the existing one.
The ground plan provides an overview of the construction project. It is rated in 2 dimensions (length, width) to precisely define the location of the building on its land. It makes it possible to easily calculate the built-up area, in accordance with thearticle R.431-9 of the Town planning code.
Le ground plane delimits the construction zone and mentions:
- the scale ;
- topography ;
- the boundaries of the land;
- existing constructions, where applicable on the plot;
- connections to networks: water, telecom and electricity;
- the septic tank and the spreading or draining;
- the different accesses;
- vegetation and planting already present (or future);
- exterior fittings, etc.
This document is subject to regulations and requires great precision. It is generally drawn by an architect.
You should know that the ground plan is part of the file to be presented for the application for a building permit or for the submission of a prior declaration of work. It allows the authorities to verify the conformity of the construction project with local and national planning rules.
Build an eco-responsible house by calling on a builder
The ecological house is a responsible eco-construction building, or of sustainable construction.
For it to be perfectly adapted to the land and to the standards in force, it is advisable to go through an architect or a specialized construction company which generally offers a lot of house plans.
What is an eco-responsible house?
This type of building is eco-friendly and as less polluting as possible, both during its construction and afterwards. Its design requires a study phase and reflection to adapt the house to the land. In particular, account is taken of sunshine, the presence of plants, the slope of the land, etc.
Its energy consumption is optimized: the ecological house is not greedy and often produces its own energy (solar, wind, recovery and treatment of wastewater). The sustainable housing equipment (heating, water heater, ventilation system, etc.) are chosen for their energy performance. At the time of construction, a minimum of polluting machinery is also used.
Eco-construction uses materials natural, recyclable, raw and generating no polluting emissions. Wood is one of the most common materials. It is used at the level of the frame of the frame, but also for insulation. Linen or hemp concrete serves as a substitute for concrete between the shuttering boards. Raw land is another alternative. It arises like concrete made of flax or hemp, with a base of bricks or stones. The other materials used in sustainable eco-construction are panels in vegetable fibers, the cellulose wadding or straw. They are used directly in framework, as a mortar, in binding or to form the layer of insulation.
Why call on a company specializing in eco-construction?
Although the sustainable house is the most suitable dwelling in the current environmental context, it involves a change in consumption and construction habits. Responsible eco-construction is not yet the standard in terms of housing. She asks a big technical know-how, especially if you want to introduce domestic solutions for energy production.
Unless you are a professional yourself, we advise you to use the services of a builder specializing in eco-construction. You can choose a project management or turnkey contract. The ideal is to work with this expert from the definition of your project, to optimize the design and performance of your home.
He will study your project and enlighten you on its feasibility. It will take different local parameters into account, such as climate, humidity, sunshine, aeration, ventilation and the topology of the land. Only after that will he be able to advise you on the best alternatives available to you, according to your desires - especially in terms of style and aesthetics - and regulatory, financial and field-related constraints, etc.
Combine chic and ecology with an off-plan house adapted to your needs
The eco-construction homes are generally offered in the construction industry in the form of standardized models. This is for example the passive, solar, HQE or BBC wooden house. While these models are practical and relatively easy to set up, they are not always suitable for the environment in which they are to be installed.
In terms of construction, especially sustainable, tailor-made is the most recommended solution. It allows to adapt the design of the house to the environment (depending on the exposure, tilt, etc.) and your specific needs. It will also be easier to design the home in such a way as to add living space in the future (for example if the family grows).
You can also go on a standard sustainable home basis for inspiration and personalization. The only condition to be respected is to work with specialized and experienced builders. The latter will be able to design a building plan that responds to the specificities of the environment and takes advantage of it. You can also rely on a professional to give more character to the construction and that it meets your aesthetic requirements.
Building an ecological house: 5 tips for success
Are you planning to go through a professional for the construction of your ecological house? Start by consulting the thermic regulation in force in your region and municipality. Here are some tips for a successful project.
Choose your land carefully
Identify his ecological and topographical advantages : presence of vegetation, level of sunshine, slope, etc. Also remember to ask the owner if a soil study was made. Seek the advice of your eco-construction company. She will be able to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the field with you.
Drawing inspiration from the experience of others
We also recommend that you consult the opinions and experiences of people who have built and live in this type of building. Target your region and projects that are similar to yours, to realize all the implications. Ask them what their biggest challenges have been. They can also recommend professionals.
Define your project well
Once the well-defined legal framework, you can refine your project. Detail your plans and the materials you want to incorporate into the construction. Take all the expenses into account, plan them in a schedule by anticipating the additional costs.
The expertise of a professional will help you define what you really need, in terms of space, layout and equipment. The builder will assess the viability of your project, will suggest modifications and give you an idea of the budget to be expected.
Work with a qualified and renowned builder
Choose a serious and experienced provider. He must be aware of the latest advances, use quality materials and follow environmentally friendly procedures.
Do not hesitate to ask for feedback from its customers. Has the company delivered sustainable homes that meet their expectations? Also in terms performance than architectural elegance ? Take the time to contact several manufacturers and compare them with each other.
Find out about aid for eco-construction
In certain cases, this type of construction can make you benefit from the total or partial exemption from property taxes (if the accommodation is classified BBC), the eco PTZ or the bonus for high energy performance housing. Construction may also be eligible for local community aid or a reduction in VAT.