The Arctic Ocean agony


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Louis Fortier is professor of oceanography at Laval University and
director of Quebec-Ocean. Chief of Mission of the Scientific Expedition
CASES (Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study), he spent a year in
the Arctic, aboard the icebreaker Amundsen. Just back, he pulls the
alarm bell announcing the disappearance of the Arctic world in a lapse
time much faster than expected and thus opening the way to the
maritime traffic in these regions apart, the 2030.
From a geopolitical point of view, the opening of the Northwest Passage
will raise a number of issues, including that of the possession
this space to fishery resources still unclear. On the plan
economic, the route linking Europe and Asia through Cape Horn
and long 19.000 kilometers would be no longer necessary.
Furthermore, such melting will have dramatic consequences on
the Arctic ecosystem. According to the Quebec researcher, there is no doubt
than typical species, such as polar bears, seals or cod
Arctic will end. The anticipated disappearance of the ice cover
will have a beneficial effect initially because productivity
Organic Arctic seas increases with the amount of light that
reaches the surface layer. Indeed, this bright intake stimulates
photosynthesis which is at the base of all the trophic networks. Long
term, however, when the ice cover will be reduced to the parties more
deep Arctic sea, Arctic species will be replaced by
the Atlantic and Pacific species.
In addition, this melt could also have a direct impact on the effect of
greenhouse. In fact, researchers have proved the permeability of sea ice,
allowing, like winter, the passage of carbon dioxide to the ocean,
Because of 20mg per square meter. However, the oceans absorbing even better
the CO2 as ice, melting Arctic ice cover could
slow the Global warming. But the possibility that the oceans
return part of the CO2 that will not have been supported by the pump
biological remains as likely; and that could be all the more serious
the oceanic funds already possess a certain amount of methane
solid.
In the light of all these findings, Louis Fortier's team can not
invite Canada to prepare for environmental impacts,
geopolitical and socioeconomic aspects of Arctic warming.

Sources: Le Devoir, 07 / 10 / 2004
Editor: Elodie Pinot OTTAWA, sciefran@ambafrance-ca.org

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