Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a methodology for calculating
objectively the impact of a product on the environment throughout its
existence, from the extraction of raw materials to its
elimination. Since its appearance in Japan at the beginning of the 1990 years, the LCA
has been extensively studied and applied by research organizations,
universities, industry and government.
Recognized as an effective tool for developing strategies for
sustainable development, the LCA owes its success partly to the support of the
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, which launched in 1998
a national LCA project. This project led to the development of the largest
ACV database of the world, available since a few months.
Japan is now one of the countries where LCA is the most used, in
particularly in the industrial environment. The analyzes focus on a vast
range of products and services, such as fuel cell vehicles
or waste management in a prefecture. This report aims to
give a general overview of the LCA activity by presenting the methodologies
developed and the many applications.
Origin: French Embassy in Japan - 9 pages - 1 / 09 / 2004
free telechargez this report in pdf format: http://www.bulletins-electroniques.com/japon/rapports/SMM04_078