We wish to point out the file of History: The oil wars (sept.2003).
A historian perspective on the crises in our world since 150 years.
It is 1859, in Titusville, Pennsylvania, that springs the first well to indusrielle vocation for lighting. Success was immediate and speculation, the race to the production and transportation are already at work. In 1870, Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company and built an empire thanks to its radical methods.
At the turn of the century, the United States account for two thirds of production, ahead of Russia, Mexico, Europe Roumanie.En resources are relatively scarce and prospecting is towards new countries, the Middle East, Iran, Turkey. Electricity gradually replace kerosene lamps but the combustion engine and the diesel engine will give new opportunities to oil exploitation. The tanks, planes and submarines from the war-1914 18 prove the superiority of these engines on other traction means. Consumption will still increase with the acceleration of industrialization after the war. Finally, with the beginnings of petrochemicals and diversification of applications, oil becomes unavoidable.
At the beginning of the second war, already the subject of all issues. When they entered the war, Germany and Japan are disadvantaged in terms of access to oil resources and that is what determines the strategy of Blitzkrieg, this "war-lights" designed to quickly get the win on producing countries. It is the success in France, Poland and the Balkans but the defeat of Stalingrad will cut the road the Germans to the oilfields of the Caucasus.
The years 50 see intensify the struggles for influence in the new producer countries. Example: 1951, Dr. Mossadegh did nationalize the exploitation of oil resources in Iran so far under British influence. Two years later, a "popular revolt" mounted by the CIA deposed and imprisoned while the new government says the mining and refining of its resources to a consortium in which the Americans appear to 40%. The Suez crisis in 1956 mark the end of European influence and dominance throughout the United States.
In the West, for all 50 and 60 years, maintains the low prices allowed the growth and significant tax levy. But the industrialized world is thus made totally dependent on this unique resource and the result will be less glorious ... Double oil crisis, OPEC constitution, double évennements Gulf War ... which will be a very detailed article shortly.