Winter is coming and it's time to fill up the oil tank. And if you would take the opportunity to think about investing in a wood heating? Whether it is main or in addition, it is the most sustainable and ecological means of heating. If it presents some constraints, it allows to make substantial savings. Here is our mini-guide!
Economic, ecological, design, warm: the advantages of wood heating are numerous and are attracting more and more French people, whether they want to reduce their electricity bill or their ecological footprint. Faced with this growing demand, various models of wood stoves have appeared, both in terms of design and in terms of the fuels used. So how do you find your way around and choose the right wood stove based on your needs? We guide you.
Firewood, an Economic Solution
One of the objective advantages of heating with wood is its lower cost than electric, gas or oil heating, and it is often this reason which encourages consumers to acquire a wood stove.
And they are right. Wood, whether logs or pellets, is in fact the least expensive fuel.
For additional protection, acquire a wood stove makes it eligible for the sustainable development tax credit, on condition that the stove is labeled "Green flame". This tax credit is 18% for a first purchase of a wood stove and amounts to 31% of the price of new equipment in the case of a replacement of an old stove. Enough to encourage the French to change their habits in heating.
Firewood, an ecological alternative
In addition to this economical aspect of wood heating, it is also very ecological. This is why we speak of “econological” fuel: economic and ecological.
Indeed, the combustion of wood, whether logs or pellets, has a carbon balance called neutral. That is to say that the quantity of CO2 released by the latter is compensated for by the absorption of the same quantity of CO2 during the growth of the tree by photosynthesis. However, be careful with the source of the wood, because this carbon footprint only takes into account the combustion of wood and not the energy needed for the exploitation of forests or the transport of wood.
On the other hand, wood combustion emits very fine particles. In this regard, it is the pellet stove that stands out in that it emits 10 times less fine particles than wood logs and 450 times less than a traditional open fireplace.
This ecological assessment of the wood stove is the real reason for the sustainable development tax credit: replacing polluting and aging equipment to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and meet the objectives of the Grenelle Environment Forum.
Wood Stove Logs or Pellet Stove?
There are two main families of wood stoves on the market: the log stove and the pellet or pellet stove. The first, which consists of burning wood logs, differs from the traditional fireplace only by a more efficient air circulation system. The second, on the other hand, is powered by wood pellets called pellets and has a tank which offers automatic operation.
If both types of stoves are both additional heating, the log stove essentially allows to quickly heat one or more rooms while the pellet stove can spread a constant heat over a longer period.
Another significant difference concerns the maintenance of the wood stove. If the log stove, like the traditional chimney, requires only one to two sweepings per year, the pellet stove requires regular cleaning as well as cleaning carried out by a professional every two years.
Also a pellet stove needs a permanent power supply.
On the other hand, the aesthetic dimension of the wood stove being important in the purchase decision, it is necessary to know that, besides the actual design of the stove, which raises the tastes proper to each one, the aesthetics of the flame differs according to the type of stove, the log generating more beautiful natural flames than the pellets. Designers are now making stoves with a very modern look.
Finally, in terms of cost, the price of the log stove is generally lower than that of the pellet stove, as is the price of logs compared to that of pellets.
Conclusion: Which Wood Stove is Right for Me?
You will understand that choosing a wood stove is a very personal matter. Some tracks however:
- If your goal is purely economical, the log burner will be the best option.
- If your main concern is your ecological footprint, then the pellet stove may be more interesting.
- If the aesthetics of the flame and the crackling of the fire are essential for you, then the log stove will be the best choice.
- If you are often away or do not feel like recharging the stove regularly, then the automatic side of the pellet stove will seduce you more.