Winter is coming and it's time to fill up the oil tank. And if you would take the opportunity to think about investing in a wood heating? Whether it is main or in addition, it is the most sustainable and ecological way of heating. If it presents some constraints, it allows to make substantial savings. Here is our mini-guide!
Economic, ecological, design, warm: the advantages of wood heating are numerous and attract more and more French, they want to reduce their electricity bill or their ecological footprint. Faced with this growing demand, various models of wood stoves have appeared, both in terms of design and in terms of fuels used. So how do you know where to go and choose the right wood stove according to your needs? We guide you.
Firewood, an Economic Solution
One of the advantages, objectives, of wood heating is its lower cost than electric, gas or oil heating, and it is often this reason that encourages consumers to buy a wood stove.
And they are right. Wood, whether logs or pellets, is the least expensive fuel.
For additional protection, acquire a wood stove qualifies for the sustainable development tax credit, provided that the stove is labeled "Flamme verte". This tax credit is 18% for a first purchase of a wood stove and amounts to 31% of the price of the new equipment in the case of a replacement of an old stove. Enough to encourage the French to change their habits in heating.
Firewood, an ecological alternative
In addition to this economic aspect of wood heating, the latter is also very environmentally friendly. This is why we talk about fuel "econological": economic and ecological.
Indeed, the combustion of wood, whether logs or pellets, has a so-called neutral carbon balance. That is to say, the amount of CO2 released by it is compensated by the absorption of the same amount of CO2 during the growth of the tree by photosynthesis. However, be careful with the source of the wood, because this carbon footprint only takes into account the combustion of wood and not the energy needed for the exploitation of forests or the transport of wood.
On the other hand, wood combustion emits very fine particles. In this respect, it is the pellet stove that stands out by the fact that it emits 10 times less fine particles than logs and 450 times less than a traditional open fireplace.
This ecological assessment of the wood stove is the real raison d'être of the sustainable development tax credit: replacing polluting and aging equipment to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and meet the objectives of the Grenelle de l'environnement.
Wood Stove Logs or Pellet Stove?
There are two main families of wood stoves on the market: the log stove and the pellet stove. The first, which consists of burning logs, is distinguished from the traditional fireplace only by a more efficient air circulation system. The second, on the other hand, is fed by pellets called pellets and has a tank that offers automatic operation.
If both types of stoves are both additional heating, the log stove essentially allows to quickly heat one or more rooms while the pellet stove can spread a constant heat over a longer period.
Another difference, not negligible, is the maintenance of the wood stove. If the log stove, like the conventional fireplace, requires only one or two sweeps a year, the pellet stove, it requires a regular cleaning as well as cleaning done by a professional every two years.
Also a pellet stove needs a permanent power supply.
On the other hand, the aesthetic dimension of the wood stove being important in the purchase decision, it is necessary to know that, besides the actual design of the stove, which raises the tastes proper to each one, the aesthetics of the flame differs according to the type of stove, the log generating more beautiful natural flames than the pellets. Today's designers are stoves with a very modern look.
Finally, in terms of cost, the price of the log stove is generally lower than that of the pellet stove, as is the price of logs compared to that of pellets.
Conclusion: Which Wood Stove is Right for Me?
As you can see, choosing a woodstove is a very personal affair. Some tracks however:
- If your goal is purely economical, the log burner will be the best option.
- If your main concern is your ecological footprint, then the pellet stove may be more interesting.
- If the aesthetics of the flame and the crackling fire are important to you, then the log burner will be the best choice.
- If you are often away or do not feel like recharging the stove regularly, then the automatic side of the pellet stove will seduce you more.