Green economy represents all the economic activities generated directly or indirectly through the production of goods and services. It is a synonym of the neologism that iseconology. This discipline seeks to eliminate the multiple nuisances against the environment. The green economy is one of the major levers of sustainable development. It is also a factor of equity and social cohesion.
What are the foundations of the green economy?
According to United Nations Environment Program, the green economy seeks to improve social welfare as well as justice, as with the credit for bank ban on LoanScouter, while significantly minimizing the risks to the environment. From a purely practical point of view, the green economy integrates the revenues linked to the creation of jobs which come from public and private investments and which encourage the rational use of resources, the reduction of the emission of gases to greenhouse effect and pollution.
The green economy is a concept that many people have been using for a few years. This notion was the subject of great controversy at the conference of heads of state, Rio +20.
The invention of the term green economy by the United Nations Environment Program in 2008 aimed " an economy conducive to improving human well-being and social equity, while considerably reducing the risks on the earth as well as the scarcity of resources ».
This definition is an almost word-for-word reproduction, taken from the new UNDP overview report dating from December 2011. This definition served as a basis for the preparations for the Rio 2012 summit. The definition given by UNEP is the most complete because of its close relationship with sustainable development as it has been defined since 1985.
Privileged sectors of the green economy
Regarding renewable energy, it is a promising sector which has the advantage of increasing profits for the countries producing technology. This sector has the merit of encouraging the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Ecological construction aims, for its part, the use of local products or those qualified as renewable and having undergone improvement.
This gives an added value without a great nuisance of the environment in the process of their implementation. Note that this area also supports bioclimatic constructions, which saves energy, both for water heating and access to air conditioning. When it comes to transport, the green economy can be established in the short term or in the long term.
In the short term, it will be a question of the use of fossil fuels with the increase in efficiency, while controlling emissions. Over the long term, we will switch to the use of renewable energies. Improving services such as public transit will be required. For water management, it will be a question of optimizing recycling, production and the distribution process. These are the possible ways of rationalizing the water-life capital.
In addition, poor waste management can lead to the degradation of nature. It is about reorganizing society by reorganizing the process of collection, transport and reuse. The green economy is also involved in regional planning. She is aiming for a circular economy, more rational management of the environment by seeking the preservation of ecosystems and the integrity of biodiversity. In this sector, we find the ecosystem, organic farming, reforestation and habitat conservation.
The benefits of opting for a green economy
There is all the interest in opting for a environmentally friendly activity. This has many advantages. First and foremost, you need to know that no matter what field you practice in, you can apply or reap the benefits of the green economy. Take for example the case of energy resources, the savings achieved through the use of renewable energies are no longer to be proven.
This type of energy can be used to power several types of devices. In terms of agriculture, the use of organic products will be useful for us to take advantage of 100% organic agricultural products. Their advantage is that they present no risk to the health of man and the planet. When it comes to construction, it is unfortunate that most builders do not dare to take the plunge and opt for green building methods and materials.
In addition, by opting for a green economy, you greatly participate in the protection of the environment. It will thus be a way of bringing your stone to the building of a clean and healthy environment, an environment in which the balance within the ecosystem is taken into account. Ensuring good waste management is essential. This allows to reduce the risk of degradation of nature. You also have the option of avoiding any waste of water by carrying out controlled recycling. It is a beneficial technique which helps to rationalize the water-life capital.
Green economy understood as a sustainable development option
To achieve the objectives linked to sustainable development, it is more than necessary to go through the greening of the economy. The green economy is today one of the major options for economic growth, job creation, but also the fight against poverty, especially in developing countries.
The green economy and green growth or econology, are, for the time being, expressions that have become very trendy in various sectors of activity.
The green economy is now emerging as the standard to follow in a context where we increasingly prioritize actions that respect the environment. It should be noted that the conditions relating to the implementation of the green economy are specified repeatedly in the texts of the Rio + 20 outcome document. Each time, this term appeals to two key concepts: sustainable development and poverty eradication. It is therefore clear that, from this perspective, the green economy must aim to achieve these two objectives.