Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology

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Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by izentrop » 08/12/21, 11:25

One of the most important disinformers with Generation Future on this subject

https://www.facebook.com/groups/165914723494515

For those who don't see it:
"Neonicotinoids have unleashed passions in France, especially since the aphid infestation that ravaged crops in early 2020. It was also at this time when, being interested in agriculture, I discovered agribashing and l The extent of disinformation around the agricultural world Among the many researchers, journalists and politicians who lend themselves to the exercise, one name seemed to have a fairly central role: a journalist from Le Monde, Stéphane Foucart.
Why Stéphane Foucart?
Reading his articles often left me with a feeling of unease: beyond the disinformation around agriculture, very common in the press, I felt a larger, systematic approach. So I started to analyze his literary production. One of his main subjects was neonicotinoids.
Neonicotinoids
Neonicotinoids (NNI) are insecticides that are mainly used as a "coating". The "coated" seed will end up inside a kind of ball containing the substance, which will permeate the plant as it grows. The idea is to only target the insects that are trying to devour the plant. Released from the early 90s, they have become one of the main insecticides used in the world.
They are nevertheless increasingly contested, in particular because of their toxicity for pollinators. The first shock was the poisoning of many hives by the dust released during sowing of coated corn. Some of the coating was going up into the air and wiping out neighboring bee colonies. Regulations have been issued to combat this risk. Then, it was the exposure through the nectar that was found to be dangerous for the pollinators. EFSA issued a severe opinion in 2013 against 3 NNIs, which resulted in a ban on most of their uses in the EU for 2 years, then a definitive ban in 2018. In France, a law passed in 2016 prohibited the all neonicotinoids (NNIs) and their uses from 2018.
Synthesize and analyze 71 articles
The purpose of this book is therefore to analyze the articles by Stéphane Foucart on neonicotinoids. He published 71 articles on the subject between July 8, 2011 and March 26, 2021. I summarize each of them in the appendix.
Overall, the journalist develops two main arguments: on the one hand, the idea that NNIs are largely responsible for the decline of many species, first and foremost pollinators; on the other hand, the idea that it is because of the influence of industry on institutions that these insecticides have not already been banned for a long time (or even have been authorized in the first place). By digging into the subject, we realize that large parts of these arguments are in fact false or seriously mislead the reader. Nevertheless, the author manages to make his speech credible for many readers by using a whole battery of information manipulation tactics, the complexity and power of which we show by examining several articles. "
https://pseudo-ecologie.fr/stephane-fou ... otinoides/
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by GuyGadeboisTheBack » 08/12/21, 13:07

Are you not fed up with proselytizing for DEATH ??? : Evil: : Evil: : Evil:

Your neo-con who talks about neonicotinoids has a law degree ... shut up, and so do you. : Evil:
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by Rajqawee » 08/12/21, 13:22

In fact, just read:
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/N%C3%A9onicotino%C3%AFde

A priori, not really a particularly oriented source.

We can remember:
"Another paradox, despite its immense commercial success, after fifteen years of intensive use around the world, according to Michelle L. Hladik, Anson R. Main and Dave Goulson (2018)," the proof of clear and constant benefits brought to yields through the use of neonicotinoids remains elusive for most crops ""
To be compared with the sum of more or less worrying impacts, to form an opinion.

And suddenly, finally, who cares about the probity - or not - of the two protagonists. They don't add much to the data, either.
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by GuyGadeboisTheBack » 08/12/21, 13:26

Environmental impacts

In 2012, a publication by researchers from INRA, ACTA and ITSAP-Institut de l'Abeille demonstrated that the forced ingestion by foragers of a sublethal quantity of thiamethoxam has the effect of significantly reducing their ability to orient themselves during their flight back to the hive4; this behavioral lethality was confirmed in 2014 in “real” agricultural conditions4. Additionally, neonicotinoids are addictive in wild bees where this was examined in a 2018 study, which is likely to worsen their impact on colonies37.

In 2013, the European Food Safety Authority (EASA) identified risks for bees in the use of neonicotinoids38: three types of insecticides are particularly concerned (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam), which can have both acute and chronic effects on the survival and development of bee colonies, their behavior and their larvae, as well as on non-target species, including agricultural auxiliaries39.

An independent synthesis conducted by Jeroen van der Sluijs of the University of Utrecht (in collaboration with researchers from the University of Sussex, CNRS and INRA) and published in the journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability in 2013 shows how neonicotinoids have taken an increasing part in the use of insecticides with more than 25% of market share. These products are highly neurotoxic to insects including pollinators because of their wide distribution in the environment, their persistence in soil and water. The presence of these neonicotinoids is common in bee swarms. Subjected to "realistic field doses", they cause a wide range of "effects dangerous to bees and bumblebee", affecting the performance of colonies, weakening foraging and brood, increasing susceptibility to disease and to parasites40.

A meta-analysis, led by Jean-Marc Bonmatin (CNRS) and based on the review of the existing literature concerning neonicotinoids and fipronil, has been published as a special issue in Environmental Science and Pollution Research. This group of 29 researchers from the Task Force on Systemic Pesticides published eight scientific articles in 2014 which constitute the Worldwide Integrated Assessment on systemic pesticides41. According to the authors: “the global production of neonicotinoids is still increasing” 12, non-target species are exposed by many routes in the environment (soil, water, air, plants) 42, “all other wild pollinators are affected », Many invertebrate species such as earthworms or aquatic species are threatened43, while vertebrates such as birds are affected directly or indirectly44,45,46. The meta-analysis details the threats to ecosystem services on which agricultural productivity depends47. In view of these results, the authors urgently recommend reducing or prohibiting the use of neonicotinoids48 and developing alternatives to insecticides that are harmless to biodiversity, and in particular to avoid prophylactic (preventive) use. of these insecticides, which in the vast majority of cases would not be justified49.

A December 2015 article in Nature showed the negative impact on pollination caused by neonicotinoids at doses commonly present in the field, based on an experiment carried out on bumblebees in apple orchards50.

In 2018 (February 28), the European Food Safety Authority (EASA) published a report based on the analysis of 588 new studies, some of which looked at the effects on bumblebees and solitary bees. EASA concludes that imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiamethoxm, three neonicotinoids already subject to use restrictions in the EU, constitute a danger to bees (wild and domestic) 51. Bayer CropScience immediately contested these conclusions. The European Commission has approved the EASA report and is considering banning these three molecules7.

In November 2019, a study appeared showing the persistence of neocotinoids in soils and plants even years after their use has been stopped52.
(wiki)

Izy, you're just junk .... but that, it's been a long time since we realized it. : Evil:
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"By definition the cause is the product of the effect" .... "There is absolutely nothing to do about the climate" .... "Nature is shit". (Exnihiloest, aka Blédina)
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by Christophe » 08/12/21, 13:35

How much does the izy check? : Mrgreen:
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by GuyGadeboisTheBack » 08/12/21, 13:43

Christophe wrote:How much does the izy check? : Mrgreen:

The guy is slowly rotting before our eyes, it's maddening. : Shock:
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"By definition the cause is the product of the effect" .... "There is absolutely nothing to do about the climate" .... "Nature is shit". (Exnihiloest, aka Blédina)
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by Christophe » 08/12/21, 13:56

I reassure you, it was already quite started before ... : Mrgreen:
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by Rajqawee » 08/12/21, 13:58

GuyGadeboisLeRetour wrote:
Christophe wrote:How much does the izy check? : Mrgreen:

The guy is slowly rotting before our eyes, it's maddening. : Shock:


Come on, because intellectually I like it: to be more precise, it settles, then it pyrolizes .... which gives ....
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by GuyGadeboisTheBack » 08/12/21, 14:00

Rajqawee wrote:
GuyGadeboisLeRetour wrote:
Christophe wrote:How much does the izy check? : Mrgreen:

The guy is slowly rotting before our eyes, it's maddening. : Shock:


Come on, because intellectually I like it: to be more precise, it settles, then it pyrolizes .... which gives ....

Ashes. : Mrgreen:
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"It is better to mobilize your intelligence on bullshit than to mobilize your bullshit on smart things. The most serious disease of the brain is to think." (J. Rouxel)
"No ?" ©
"By definition the cause is the product of the effect" .... "There is absolutely nothing to do about the climate" .... "Nature is shit". (Exnihiloest, aka Blédina)
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Re: Neonicotinoids pseudo-ecology




by Rajqawee » 08/12/21, 14:03

GuyGadeboisLeRetour wrote:
Rajqawee wrote:
GuyGadeboisLeRetour wrote:The guy is slowly rotting before our eyes, it's maddening. : Shock:


Come on, because intellectually I like it: to be more precise, it settles, then it pyrolizes .... which gives ....

Ashes. : Mrgreen:


Petrol ! Come on, she was funny anyway, wasn't she?
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