The 2ieme part of the article is interesting:
Manuel Macron, made the decision on his arrival at the Presidency of the French Republic, to cancel the solidarity tax on wealth (ISF). (...)
Transiting to the circular economy, moving away from the linear model
Sustainable development emerged as part of a preparatory report for the second world conference on the environment, the famous Rio conference in 1992. 1987's Brundtland Report supports this universal ideal for the future of national economies and humanity. Word of order: development must be done without compromising the ability of future generations to live, too, by meeting their needs. Needs, future generations, limits of the planet and development of the South, the report seeks to define a desirable global development.
France illustrates how the debates and critiques of the economy of the 1960-70 years, including the Limit to the growth of the Club of Rome, forced a reflection, and transformed the ideal to achieve. The country went from a Ministry of the Environment (1971-2007) to a Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development (2007-2017) to a Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition (2017-). The ecological and solidarity transition tries to reconcile economic activities, ecology, social contract. These shifts illustrate the increased promotion of a sobriety in natural resources involving equity. For the moment, the failure is obvious in France, as in many parts of the world.
Industrial ecology and sustainable development give way to the circular economy, which is more inclusive. The circular economy includes diverse and varied approaches such as eco-design, recycling, decay, voluntary simplicity and happy sobriety, the fight against planned obsolescence, collaborative / user consumption or the economy. of functionality. For us the final stage of the circular and definitive economy is a geotherapy based on the intensification of the biosphere, life on planet Earth by the reconstitution of vegetation and animal life.
These evolutions reveal that the project of society solely based on supply and demand, the dominant neo-liberal project aimed at reducing the state, can not continue smoothly. Accompanying the circular economy are concepts such as bio-mimicry and biophilia. A number of conservation strategies are also emerging to avoid the pitfalls of industrialization while offering sustainable development to emerging industrializing countries, such as China and India.
More recently, we are talking about regeneration and restoration, particularly with soil-regenerating agriculture, direct sowing under cover crops including cover crops to feed carbon soils. A biogeochemical analysis of development is needed. But also, in an anthropocene context, a social analysis, for which development and economic activities are no longer synonymous and can even oppose. Economic activities such as automobile mobility, or those required by clean-up, are identified as undesirable, even if they increase GDP.
"The pursuit of profit to the detriment of the community and the environment has no place. The world of tomorrow belongs to companies and organizations that put their creativity at the service of creating collective value. Companies must be profitable, equitable and involved. " These words are not those of a large union or a non-governmental organization. They come from a training financially ... supported by a bank. The Keynesian model, that of the welfare state in which the social and the entrepreneurial freedom found a certain balance, is compromised by neoliberalism. The minimum wage in the US, or SMIC in France, no longer allow to live. Major environmental issues are ignored or overlooked. To the point that the banks are trying to avoid the crash of the system.
Since roundabouts and in the street, the yellow vests have updated all these issues, pell-mell. The supposed apathy of dominated social classes was a temporary illusion. It's a safe bet that these issues will not be solved by small adjustments. In many sectors, the problem is structural. Political procrastination on major issues, including those related to Earth's biogeochemistry, regarding an essential ecological transition, has reached its limits.
The movement of yellow vests is a cocktail of claims, all largely legitimate. Let's bet it will continue, in different forms and actions. In the world of work, the yellow vest aims to protect the worker surrounded by moving vehicles. It could in the future also symbolize an awareness of the requirements, and social conditions, of an ecological transition. An ecological transition bringing down many class barriers (we all suffer from climate change), but also, without national borders. In the form of a kind of democratic jolt, the effects could be surprising, and great initiatives could finally be born.
Flats: it's not Manuel lol ... and if the author considers China as a country in the process of industrialization is that it has 30 years late (at least) ...