The economics of biofuels in France


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There would finally two major types of biofuels, as they pass from industrial refineries are mobilized more craftsmen.
Industrial biofuels are already part of strategic agricultural products, and for which international agreements are under discussion. The fear of French producers is that the EU, in negotiation with MERCOSUR, prefers to grant import duties to Brazil, which produces 29 € per hectolitre of ethanol against a French cost price currently valued at 50 €, and which can only decline gradually (hence the importance of tax exemption). The situation is better for oilseeds, where existing industrial equipment is not used at full capacity. The main challenge today is the creation of new establishments for ethanol (see Al n ° 71)
The "artisanal" fuels are today usable by agriculture, tractors and various installations. In addition to this "on-farm" development, the challenge could be to create markets in other sectors of the economy; but that these new producers of energy which are the farmers have a direct use, it is all the same the chance of a not insignificant economic advantage, for a profession justly concerned with the worries of tomorrow.

Source: AIMVER - Infos n ° 75 - December 2004 / January 2005

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