Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage: Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary by the IPCC
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established jointly by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in 1988.
Its mission consists in particular:
i) to assess the scientific and socio-economic information available on climate change and its consequences, as well as the solutions envisaged to mitigate and adapt to its effects;
ii) to formulate, upon request, scientific, technical or socio-economic advice to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Since 1990, the IPCC has produced a series of assessment reports, special reports, technical papers, methodologies and other documents, which have become reference books for policy makers, scientists and many other experts. .
At its seventh meeting, the Conference of the Parties adopted a draft decision inviting the IPCC to prepare a technical document on the geological storage of carbon dioxide. As a follow-up to this draft decision, the IPCC, at its twentieth session (Paris, 2003), agreed to prepare a Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage.
This special report prepared by IPCC Working Group III examines carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) as a means of mitigating climate change. It includes nine chapters on the sources of CO2, the particular techniques of trapping, transport and storage of this gas in geological formations, oceans or minerals or its use in industrial processes. It also analyzes the cost and potential of PSC, the environmental impact, the risks and safety issues, the consequences for greenhouse gas inventories and accounting, public opinion on the matter. and various legal matters.
Michel Jarraud Secretary General,
World Meteorological Organization