For competitive renewable energies
Developing an alternative to conventional energies such as gas, coal or oil is a major challenge of the 21st century. On the one hand, these energies are exhaustible, on the other hand, they are very polluting in CO, CO2, NOx. Hydropower, wind power, solar power or biomass represent alternative energy production solutions that have the advantage of being renewable, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, emitting little or no energy. no greenhouse gases and pollutants. These energies therefore contribute to the ambition of sustainable development.
France has largely exploited its hydraulic potential, but remains very behind in other areas. Yet its potential in all areas is consistent. France has the 2e wind farm in Europe. This situation is also linked to the choice that was made of 'all nuclear' in the 1970 years. Although this choice may appear relevant in many aspects (production capacity, greenhouse gases, etc.), it nevertheless poses significant problems in terms of ultimate waste management, flexibility and technological risk.
Research and development of renewable energies has been delayed in France because of the priority given to nuclear power and the tiny budgets devoted to energy research. In addition, the monopoly situation enjoyed by EDF did not allow the emergence of new players in the electricity market. Thus, today, Jeulin is not able to produce very high power wind turbines, for example.
Today, the rise in the price of oil poses more and more acute the problem of renewable energies. Indeed, to the economic reasons which explain the rise in oil prices (political instability in the Middle East) are added structural reasons (scarcity of new fields to be put into operation at acceptable costs, increase in demand for oil from the Middle East). China and India).
Today we must support the development of renewable energies in France. A number of proposals can be made in this direction:
Production Tax Credits
Production tax credits support the introduction of renewable energy by allowing companies that invest in renewable energy to amortize this investment more easily. An IPC can be used as a central device for supporting renewable energies, as it helps to finance the deployment of new technologies that suffer from the competition of traditional technologies that are cheaper because they are already amortized.
Use TIPP surpluses to fund research
Rather than giving in to the populist temptation to reduce the TIPP rate in one way or another to erase the effects on consumers, it seems more important to use the surpluses generated because of rising prices. to fund the research. Indeed, France has a considerable gap to fill in the field of renewable energies. However, in the medium term, the implementation of these energies will be essential to deal with the depletion of fossil fuels. France must ensure its future independence by developing its research, to have the technical capabilities necessary to implement these technologies when they become indispensable. Otherwise, it will find itself dependent on other countries, with the economic and political disadvantages that this may have.
Promote clean vehicles
The idea that was raised some time ago to overtax the most fuel-efficient vehicles and to give priority to more fuel-efficient vehicles must be taken up and defended at European level.
Demonstrate political courage