The French charter

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The Charter of the environment 2004 reads:

" The French people,


"What resources and natural equilibriums have conditioned the emergence of mankind;

"What the future and the very existence of humanity are inseparable from its natural environment;

"That environment is the common heritage of human beings;

"That man has a growing influence on the conditions of life and its own evolution;

"What biological diversity, personal development and progress of human societies are affected by certain patterns of consumption or production and by excessive exploitation of natural resources;

"That the preservation of the environment should be sought as well as other fundamental interests of the Nation;

"That in order to ensure sustainable development, choices designed to meet the needs of the present must not compromise the ability of future generations and other peoples to meet their own needs;


"Art. 1er. - Everyone has the right to live in a balanced and respectful of the health environment.

"Art. 2. - Everyone has the duty to take part in the preservation and improvement of the environment.

"Art. 3. - Every person must, under the conditions defined by law, prevent damage it is likely to cause to the environment or, failing that, limit the consequences.

"Art. 4. - Everyone must contribute to repairing the damage caused to the environment, under conditions defined by law.

"Art. 5. - When the occurrence of any damage, albeit unpredictable in the state of scientific knowledge, may seriously and irreversibly the environment, public authorities shall, by applying the precautionary principle and in their areas of responsibilities in the implementation of risk assessment procedures and the adoption of provisional and proportionate measures to ward off the damage.

"Art. 6. - Public policies must promote sustainable development. To this end, they reconcile the protection and enhancement of the environment, economic development and social progress.

"Art. 7. - Everyone has the right, under the conditions and limits defined by law, access to information on the environment held by public authorities and to participate in public decisions that affect the environment .

"Art. 8. - Education and training in the environment must contribute to the exercise of rights and duties established by this Charter.

"Art. 9. - Research and innovation should lend their support to the preservation and enhancement of the environment.

"Art. 10. - This Charter shall inspire the European and international action of France. "

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