Self-consumption of solar energy: solar panels for individuals

Self-consumption is benefiting from renewed interest thanks to a change in legislation making the situation more favorable. This is why many individuals are considering this economic perspective in order to consume their own electricity.

What is the definition of solar self-consumption?

The principle of solar self-consumption is based on the production of electricity from solar panels, capable of capturing energy from the sun. The energy obtained is then used for the household's own consumption. However, the electrical intensity remains dependent on the solar intensity. The process is made possible by installing photovoltaic cells under the glass of the solar panels, used to store solar radiation and thus produce continuous current. This same current is sent to an inverter in order to convert it into alternating current in order to be used within the home's electrical network.

Le self-consumption solar panel OHM Energy is recognized for its quality in order to preserve the environment. The surplus energy produced will be stored in a virtual battery, in a solar battery or resold to a supplier. In all cases, this type of installation can drastically reduce your energy bill.

Presentation of types of self-consumption

In order to preserve the environment while reducing your electricity bill, self-consumption remains a preferred solution, whether partially or completely. In fact, you benefit from green and free energy, but be aware that there are 2 types of self-consumption.

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First of all, the installation of solar panels for total self-consumption. In this type of project, you entirely consume the electrical production coming from your solar installation. This is particularly the case for isolated homes as well as solar kits to install yourself with a power of less than 3 kWp. However, you do not have complete independence from the electricity grid. With self-consumption, you do not systematically produce the electrical energy you need at the moment.

The second solution consists of moving towards self-consumption with the sale of the surplus. Once again, you are setting up solar panels to generate electricity. You consume your own production and the energy produced that you do not use will be resold to the historic supplier EDF or to an alternative supplier. With this solution you are always connected to the Enedis network.

What are the advantages of self-consumption?

With solar self-consumption, you reduce your independence from the electricity grid. It is also a way of producing your own electricity from a non-polluting energy source. In other words, you consume local green electricity. Undeniably, you will quickly see savings on your electricity bill. If you choose to resell the surplus, you obtain significant additional income.

Even if the price of the installation is not negligible, you will quickly obtain a return on investment, particularly by choosing quality solar panels. On average, the amortization will be obtained within 7 to 12 years. Finally, do not be discouraged by the initial amount to undertake the work, because the French government favors this type of initiative and as a result, a lot of aid is available to you.

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How to determine the power required to be self-sufficient in electricity?

Several elements must be taken into consideration to determine the appropriate power in order to be independent in electricity. First, take an interest in your daily consumption. To obtain this information, contact your current electricity supplier. Unsurprisingly, geographic location will also have a major influence. The greater the number of hours of sunshine, the better the electricity production will be.

Once you know these two factors, you determine the appropriate peak power. Let's imagine that you need 6 W per day and you have 000 hours of sunshine, you will carry out the following calculation: 10 / 6 = 000 Wp. In your approach to being 10% autonomous, do not forget to include the installation of batteries in order to store the energy produced in order to use it outside periods of sunshine.

In addition, it is impossible to neglect the efficiency losses at the level of inverters, solar panels and electrical wiring. To avoid disappointment, add a safety margin of around 20%. With the information collected previously, you are able to size your solar installation and all you have to do is choose a trusted partner for the installation.

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How to implement self-consumption of solar energy?

Producing your own electricity and consuming it yourself requires prior thought to carry out your project. First of all, you determine its feasibility by contacting a solar expert. You explain your needs to him and he provides a particularly detailed quote. Don't settle for just one expert, carry out the same process with installers benefiting from RGE certification.

Preferably, consider working with a company capable of supporting you with administrative procedures, whether for the prior declaration to the town hall, for financial aid and connection to the network. Once the quote has been signed, the specialist will come to your home to set up the installation. All you have to do is enjoy your self-consumption electricity. However, you could also purchase solar kits and carry out the installation yourself. It all depends on the configuration of your accommodation and your initial objective.

Self-consumption is just waiting for you

Because you want to reduce your electricity bills, while taking care of the environment, take a closer look at self-consumption. A solution that appeals to many French people, so why not you?

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