Nicolas Hulot has just voted for the creation of a post of Deputy Prime Minister responsible for sustainable development.
As much we must salute with deep respect the skills and actions of Nicolas Hulot in favor of the environment and ecology, we must recognize that for years his television shows were a real treat, as we allow ourselves to here criticize his proposal, which, in our view, maintains confusion about what sustainable development really is. Here's why.
Defined in 1987 by the World Commission for the Environment as follows: "It is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirs."
This definition expresses the fact that sustainable development consists of progress together economy, social progress, and the improvement of the environment. Sustainable development is not limited to ecology, which is only one part of it.
The commitments made by the Heads of State at the Earth Summit in Johannesburg in September 2002 are extremely clear on this point. Article 5 of the Johannesburg Declaration states : "As such, we assume our collective responsibility, which is to advance, at local, national, regional and global levels, economic development, social development and environmental protection, interdependent and complementary pillars of sustainable development ”.
The charter of the environment, included in 2005 in the French Constitution, specifies in its article: Public policies must promote sustainable development. To this end, they reconcile protection and enhancement of the environment, economic development and social progress ".