Against a background of trade war with the United States and while Chinese growth slows , the government of China sets up its "Greater Bay Area" project. With this megalopolis, Xi Jinping and others are hoping to supplant Silicon Valley and reinvent the green city of tomorrow. Who said economics did not rhyme with ecology?
The Greater Bay Area, a green megalopolis in the making
It is in 2018 that Xi Jinping evoked his project of Greater Bay Area, undisguised allusion to the "Bay Area" of San Francisco, cradle of many giants of the tech. By unifying South China, Macao and Hong Kong, the Middle Kingdom hopes to create a megalopolis model of the future and become the benchmark for new technologies. This project also addresses the multiple urban pollution challenges that China will face in the future. In addition to highlighting autonomous and electric vehicles, many technologies will be used and combined to minimize pollution.
New technologies in full swing
source: PxHere .
Among the new technologies serving tomorrow, artificial intelligence, robotics and drones occupy a special place. With these technologies, China intends to make the Greater Bay Area an example in ecology.
Financial investments in these areas are significant in China but also globally. If we take the example of drones, more and more amateurs or professionals decide toinvest in drones . The global commercial UAV market was valued at 1,7 billion end 2017 and could reach 179 billion by 2025 according to a report by Orbis Research. It is therefore a segment in full expansion.
New technologies and environmental challenges
How are these new tools articulated with the idea of a greener city? The opportunities are many and many research in progress. If we continue with the example of drones, their potential uses are varied. The University of Science and Technology of Hong Kong (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology) uses these flying objects to sniff the emissions of ships that dock at the various commercial ports in the area and ensure that the fuels used are compatible with regulations.
Another example is artificial intelligence, which can process a lot of data, for example to optimize the use of energy or traffic flows.
In Europe, what about the cities of tomorrow?
source: Max Pixel .
If China thinks big of its Greater Bay Area project, Europe is also tackling the challenges of global warming and increasing population. The Smart Cities initiative - smart cities - is being taken to the level of the European Union and intends to invent the city of tomorrow. The goal of this project is "to improve urban life through more integrated and sustainable solutions as well as to address city-specific challenges at various policy levels such as energy, mobility, transport and communications. . "
Each year, the prestigious IESE Business School establishes a ranking of cities in motion that takes into account various parameters ( Cities in Motion Index ). In 2019, Paris is fourth in the world behind London, New York and Amsterdam It's good but this ranking takes into account other criteria than the environment. At this level, Paris occupies only the 54e place, so there is certainly more room for progress in the years to come.
Among the other French cities present in the general classification, we will remember Lyon at the 56e place. Lille, Marseille and Nice are next to the 90th position. We can see that the race to the city of the future is launched. After the Greater Bay Area in China, why not a "Greatest Bay Area" in the Arcachon Basin?