Assessment of the Chernobyl disaster by the IAEA published in 2005
.pdf 260 pages.
Other sources report a balance sheet and figures very different from those published by the IAEA, see links and extract below.
- Debate and information on the results of Chernobyl overall cost and human and health outcomes
- The deaths per amount of energy produced from fossil and nuclear fuels
- A Another study suggests the possibility of a million premature deaths in 20 years following Chernobyl
From another report cited in this discussion: information on the results of Chernobyl overall cost and health outcomes
To assess the cost of the Chernobyl disaster, we must consider:
- direct damage and repair and rehabilitation costs: construction of a concrete sarcophagus around the damaged reactor, site cleaning, burying of waste and the most contaminated soil, evacuation of a town of 50 inhabitants and construction of an equivalent town to rehouse the inhabitants, rehousing of the inhabitants of the hundreds of evacuated villages, monitoring of radioactivity,
- indirect expenses: compensation, care for victims,
- losses in agricultural, forestry and industrial production (including the production of electricity from the Chernobyl power station which was closed definitively in 2000).
- As far as it is concerned, Belarus estimates the total cost of the disaster over 30 years at 235 billion dollars. It devoted 22,3% of its budget to it in 1991 and another 6,1% in 2002. As an indirect consequence of the disaster, some analysts believe that the need to set up a real war economy constitutes one of the causes of the installation of an authoritarian power in Belarus.
- Ukraine, for its part, gives a range of 175 to 200 billion dollars and allocated 25% of its budget to Chernobyl in 1991 (3,4% today). But these figures do not include the loss of human life or the loss of production of the disabled (65 liquidators).
For example, according to the Act on the status and social protection of citizens affected by the Chernobyl disaster, about 7% of the Ukrainian population is concerned, that is:
-165 000 residents evacuated areas
-253 000 liquidators
-643 000 children of liquidators
- Russia, for its part, has not published precise accounts.
However, spending added three countries certainly exceed 500 billion.
The payment of compensation to victims is the most burdensome for the three countries. Seven million people currently receive allowances related to Chernobyl.
However, the tax burden is being quickly proved unbearable for transition countries experiencing a drop in their standard of living, the authorities have failed to reassess disability pensions and other allowances, so that the amounts received individually become relatively paltry.
In conclusion, the real cost and the environmental and health consequences of the Chernobyl disaster will probably never be known in their entirety.